US cooperates to prevent IUU fishing activities

 US cooperates to prevent IUU fishing activities

( IUU fishing causes disadvantages to the economic, security and environmental sustainability of the global fishing industry in general and the US in particular.

The US imports up to 70-80% of seafood. While it is impossible to determine exactly how much of that seafood was caught through IUU fishing, the US International Trade Commission estimates that about 11% of the value of US seafood imports in 2019 originated from this practice. To solve the problem, the US has taken measures against IUU fishing at sea and at ports. 

The United States collects and analyzes information from a variety of sources to identify IUU fishing in the high seas. Vessel position tracking technology at sea helps US agencies identify fishing vessel movements at sea that may indicate IUU fishing activity.

The US works with other countries through multilateral agreements to work together to stop IUU fishing

The United States works with other countries through multilateral agreements to work together to prevent IUU fishing. Agreements can limit the amount and type of fish that can be caught in a particular area. In 2019, officials from Japan, China, Russia, South Korea, Canada and the United States collaborated to patrol areas of the northern Pacific that were covered by these types of agreements and discovered 58 cases of violations of conservation measures.

To prevent illegal fishing, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) work together to prevent the import of illegal seafood. Activities include monitoring and classifying seafood in accordance with standards, making lists of violating importers. NMFS and CBP share information to support this goal. 

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